CTET

CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test)

Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national-level exam conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) twice a year to shortlist candidates for appointment as teachers in classes I to VIII. There are two CTET test papers in the exam, that is, Paper-I and Paper-II. Candidates who plan to teach classes I-V need to give Paper-I and candidates who plan to teach classes VI-VIII need to take Paper-II. Candidates who plan to teach classes I-VIII need to take both the papers.


Eligibility Criteria

1.   Determine which level you’d like to Teach.

Following persons are eligible for appearing in the CTET.
Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes I-V: Primary Stage
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known)

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure), Regulations, 2002.

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EI.Ed).

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Education (Special Education)*

OR

“Graduation with at least 50% marks and Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)”

“(a) who has acquired the qualification or Bachelor of Education from any NCTE recognized

institution shall be considered for appointment as a teacher in classes I to V provided the person so appointed as a teacher shall mandatorily undergo a six month Bridge Course in Elementary Education recognized by the NCTE, within two year of such appointment as primary teacher”.

Exam Pattern

There are two papers of CTET.

(i) Paper I will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes I to V.
(ii) Paper II will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII.
Note: 1. A person who intents to be a teacher for both levels (classes I to V and classes VI to VIII) will have to appear in both the papers (Paper I and Paper II).
Duration of examination-Two-and-a-half hours (150 min.). The main paper will be bilingual i.e. in English and Hindi.

Structure and Content (All Compulsory):
S. No. Subject No.MCQs Maximum Marks
1 Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
2 Mathematics 30 30
3 Language I 30 30
4 Language II 30 30
5 Environmental Studies 30 30
Totals 150 150

A person who scores 60% or more in the CTET exam will be considered as CTET pass, however, qualifying the CTET would not confer a right on any person for recruitment/employment as it is only one of the eligibility criteria for appointment.

Application Form

Method of Submission of Online Application Form:
STEP1: Log on to CTET official website www.ctet.nic.in.
STEP2: Go to the link “Apply Online” and open the same.
STEP3: Fill in the Online Application Form and note down Registration No. / Application No.
STEP4: Upload Scanned Images of latest Photograph and Signature
STEP5: Pay Examination Fee by e-challan or debit/credit card
STEP6: Print Confirmation page for record and future reference.

Registration Procedure:

(a) Authentication Form: Fill details like State, Identification type (select any Identity as applicable), Candidate’s Name, and Date of Birth and Gender.
(b) Fill Online Application Form: Fill complete online Application Form and choose password. After submission, a Registration Number/Application Number gets generated. Note down the Registration
No. /Application No. For subsequent login, system generated Registration No. /Application No. and chosen Password will be used.

Password Policy will be as follows:

1. Password must be 8 to 13 characters long.
2. Password must have at least one Upper case, one lower case alphabet and one numeric value and at least one special characters!@#$%^&*.

Online Uploading of Scanned Images:

Upload scanned photograph and signature in JPG/JPEG format.
Size of scanned photograph should be between 10 to 100 KB
Image Dimension of photograph should be 3.5 cm (width) x 4.5 cm (height).
Size of scanned signature should be between 3 to 30 KB.
Image Dimension of signature should be 3.5 cm (length) x 1.5 cm (height).
The candidates are advised to keep the scanned images of latest photograph and signature of the candidates ready in JPG format and as per the size and dimension specified, before applying online. The scanned image of latest photograph is required to upload to avoid the inconvenience at centre, as this photograph will be matched with the actual candidate appearing in the examination.

Syllabus Of CTET

Paper I (for classes 1 to V) Primary Stage I.
1. Child Development and Pedagogy (30 Questions)
a. Child Development (Primary School Child) (15 Questions)
Concept of development and its relationship with learning
Principles of the development of children
Influence of Heredity & Environment
Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
Language & Thought
Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b. Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs 5 Questions

Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived.
Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.
Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners.

c. Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.
Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
Cognition & Emotions
Motivation and learning
Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental

2. Mathematics : 30 Questions a. Content 15 Questions

Geometry
Shapes & Spatial Understanding
Solids around Us
Numbers
Addition and Subtraction
Multiplication
Division
Measurement
Weight
Time
Volume
Data Handling
Patterns
Money

b. Pedagogical issues (15 Questions)

Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
Language of Mathematics
Community Mathematics
Evaluation through formal and informal methods
Problems of Teaching
Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

Environmental Studies 30 Questions a. Content 15 Questions:

Family and Friends
Relationships
Work and Play
Animals
Plants
Food
Shelter
Water
Travel
Things We Make and Do

b. Pedagogical Issues 15 Questions:

Concept and scope of EVS
Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
Learning Principles
Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
Approaches of presenting concepts
Activities
Experimentation/Practical Work
Discussion
CCE
Teaching material/Aids
Problems

3. Language I: English a. Language Comprehension 15 Questions

Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b. Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

Learning and acquisition
Principles of language Teaching
Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
Language Skills
Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
Remedial Teaching

4. Language - II (Hindi) 30 Questions a. Comprehension 15 Questions Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability b. Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions

Learning and acquisition
Principles of language Teaching
Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
Language Skills
Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
Remedial Teaching

After clearing CTET, students can apply for all Central Government Teaching job as like KVS, NVS Army Teacher, ERDO etc. Without CTET certificate students can not apply for government teaching jobs.

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